AGRICULTURE

Of the 28,226 hectares of Pinamalayan, around 52.14% is considered as agricultural crop land, 16.82% as pasture lands, and 0.34 as fishpond areas. These data indicate the agricultural potential of the municipality and its capacity to be the food basket of the province and even of the region.

As of December 2013, Pinamalayan major agricultural crops (based on area planted) are as follow: rice (3,645 hectares); banana (2,787 hectares); coconut (4,687 hectares).

Rice

Within the provincial context, Pinamalayan ranks first in the 14 municipalities of Oriental Mindoro in terms of rice production per hectare in irrigated areas and second in rainfed areas.

It is worth highlighting that Pinamalayan has attained the highest rice productivity in 2002 among all municipalities in the province.   An average productivity of 4.90 metric tons per hectare (or 98 cavans per hectare) was attained by rice farmers for irrigated areas.  It even set a high average record of 5.02 metric tons per hectare (100.4 cavans/hectares) for the wet season harvest. 

It was also a good year for Pinamalayan rainfed rice farmers, harvesting an average of 3.81 metric tons per hectare. These achievements must be reflective of the quality and effectiveness of extension and other support services extended to the rice farmers by the Municipal Agriculturist’s Office (MAO), Department of Agriculture (DA) and Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR). 

Pinamalayan is generally a net rice producer, having more than 50 percent of

  Rice Production, Year 2014

 

Cropping Season

No. of Barangays

Area Harvested (Ha)

Total

Production (MT)

Total

Average Production/ha

Total

 
 

Rainfed

Irrigated

Rainfed

Irrigated

Rainfed

Irrigated

 

Dry Cropping Season ( September 15, 2013  - March 16, 2014)

28

375.5

3,597.50

3,973.00

1,229.94

18,043.21

19,273.15

3.28

5.02

4.85

 

Wet Cropping Season ( March 16 - September 15, 2014)

28

369.5

3,541.00

3,910.50

1,279.80

18,063.04

19,342.83

3.46

5.1

4.95

 

TOTAL

28

745

7,138.50

7,883.50

2,509.74

36,106.25

38,615.98

3.37

5.06

4.9

 

Source: Municipal Agriculture's Office

 

its rice production as surplus during the normal rice production period.Year 2014 was remarkable for the best production of rice within the last three years has been achieved which is shown by the graph below. Although such increase was not exhibited by rain fed areas but it was covered up by irrigated areas in all those years which made us reached that margin.  Improve farming practice which includes adoption of appropriate technologies, government intervention, provision of technical services, and inputs subsidy, increased farm productivity.

High Value Commercial Crop's

Vegetable Production

The average vegetable production for this year increased from 7.39 MT/hectare to 12.63 MT/hectare which is equivalent to 41.49% increased by surpassing the 32.61% as of last year. This improvement in production was triggered by watermelon which covered an area of 39.875 hectares and achieved a production of 1,236.66 MT. Such performance can be credited to conducive climatic conditions which favored the planting of those commodities.

Vegetable Production, Year 2014

Commodity

Area Planted

Area Harvested

Production (MT)

Average Production (MT)

No. of Farmers

1

Mustard

1.2321

1.7905

5.2518

2.93

84

2

Pechay

1.9888

2.4725

6.0704

2.46

108

3

Okra

1.3224

1.7919

9.7098

5.42

61

4

Eggplant

6.5012

8.9281

53.2525

5.96

113

5

Ampalaya

5.7522

6.28825

39.807

6.33

107

6

Tomato

8.3687

9.71

116.01

11.95

93

7

Upo

0.7478

2.4855

15.965

6.42

15

8

Sitao

4.7395

5.9184

27.263

4.61

135

9

Hot Pepper

2.8667

2.847

10.0635

3.53

29

10

Bell Pepper

0.077

0.118

0.5205

4.41

5

11

Melon

1.81

1.81

15.14

8.36

4

12

Watermelon

40.125

39.875

1236.66

31.01

65

13

Squash

3.965

3.3345

29.44

8.83

43

14

Mungo

23.4485

23.4485

7.7934

0.33

42

15

Cucumber

0.101

0.085

0.912

10.73

12

16

Patola

0.1705

0.1665

1.64

9.85

7

17

Radish

 

0.25

1.25

5

1

18

Camote

9.93

13.9285

92.296

6.63

31

19

Cassava

2.68

3.26

30.845

9.46

11

20

San Fernando

2.025

0.55

3.875

7.05

13

21

Gabi

0.055

0.025

0.19

7.6

7

22

Peanut

2.465

3.905

4.219

1.08

17

23

Ginger

0.42

6.25

50

8

4

24

Kangkong

0.275

       

Total

121.066

139.23815

1758.1739

12.63

1,007

Source: Municipal Agriculture's Office

The graph below showed the distinct increase in vegetable production from 2012 to 2014. In 2013, the average production increased by 2.41 MT/ha and with this year, increased by 5.24 MT/ha. Such remarkable surge was the result of the different intervention of the DA RFU and the effective implementation of high value crop related programs of this office favored by facilitative weather. 

Fruit Tree Production

The average fruit tree production rose up by 0.13 MT/ha resulting to an average production of 7.80 MT/ has of this year. In this case, it is banana that contributes more to elevate the said production which covers 2,212.25 hectares that produced 16,442.79 MT.

Fruit Tree Production, Year 2014

Fruits

Area Planted (has)

Area Harvested (has)

Production (MT)

Average Production /Has.)

Banana

2,326.51

2,212.25

16,442.79

7.43

Calamansi

54

26.12

43.65

1.67

Sintures

70.74

24.88

142.09

5.71

Mango

197.2

33.17

185.85

5.6

Rambutan

126.82

74.85

1,554.72

20.77

Lanzones

182.53

74.07

672.53

9.08

Papaya

11.97

4.3

59.97

13.95

Total

2,969.78

2,449.63

19,101.60

7.8

 

The graph showed the comparative analysis of the three year production of fruit trees from 2012 to 2014. It can be noted that there is a slight decrease of 0.29 MT/ha in average production in 2013 but it regained by 2014 with an increase of 0.13 MT/ha. The minor setback was due to unfavorable weather condition during that time.

Corn

Corn is considered second important commodity planted next to rice for it has enumerable uses. This is one of the purposes of securing a farm tractor by the Municipal Agriculture's Office which aimed at cultivating idle lands and convert into corn plantation. As it was specified in the Table below that about 24.5 hectares of land were planted with this crop which reached an average production of 4.26 MT/ha which is better than the last two years as shown in the graph below. It only implies that corn farmers are now becoming comfortable on the production of this commodity which is good to inspire others. Additionally, the DA RFU provided this municipality with 10 bags of hybrid corn seeds.

  Corn Production, Year 2014

Barangay

Area (has.)

Production (MT)

Average Production (MT)

No. of Farmers

1

Bacungan

4

15.25

3.81

2

2

Marfrancisco

3.5

20.1

5.74

1

3

Pambisan Munti

5

8.93

1.79

2

4

Papandayan

1.5

10.78

7.19

1

5

Quinabigan

2.5

24.22

9.69

1

6

Sta. Isabel

8

24.99

3.12

1

Total

24.5

104.27

4.26

8

Source: Municipal Agriculture's Office

 

 

 

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