Geographical and Resource Endowment

Pinamalayan having a total land area of 28,266 hectares,is located at the center of Oriental Mindoro.  It is around 118 km from Puerto Galera, the northernmost town of the province; 68 km from Calapan City, the capital of Oriental Mindoro and its major entrance point from Manila; around 56 km from the town of Roxas, entrance point from the Philippines southern provinces and 120 km from Bulalacao, Oriental Mindoro southernmost town.

The town of Pinamalayan is bounded in the north by the towns of Socorro and Pola; in the west by the Province of Occidental Mindoro; in the south by the Town of Gloria and in the east by Tablas Strait.  National and provincial road networks connect Pinamalayan with other local government units.  Tablas Strait separates Pinamalayan from the island-province of Marinduque and the island-towns of Concepcion and Bantuin, Romblon but all are accessible by passenger boats plying the routes daily.

 

 

Topography

Local topography is generally plain except in areas edging the boundary with the town of Pola which are hilly and mountainous.  Westward from Maningcol-Rosario-Malaya area to the boundary with Occidental Mindoro is likewise hilly or rolling plains.

Slope

This physical feature defines the critical areas in terms of slope and the risk of erosion. The map shows the slope categories suitable for urban and non-urban development.  These categories are discussed as follows:

Level to Nearly Level- areas with 0 to 3 percent slope. These areas comprise the Poblacion, portions of Barangays Wawa, Lumangbayan and Papandayan,  Considering slope alone, these areas are normally part of the prime agricultural lands aside from being highly suitable for urban development.

Gently Sloping to Undulating– areas with 3 to 8 percent slope.  The Rosarioarea resembles this type of terrain.  According to slope characterization, these areas are still suitable for urban development and general agricultural production.

Sloping to Undulating lands – areas with 8 to 18 percent slope.  These areas are quite susceptible to erosion.  They are fairly suitable for intense urban development.  Agricultural production, on the other hand, should be practiced with appropriate soil conservation techniques.

The undulating to rolling (18 to 30 percent), rolling to hilly (30 to 50 percent slope) to very steep (greater than 50 percent) areas are highly susceptible to erosion.  Intense urban developments are not encouraged due to the instability of slopes. Agricultural activities should also observe soil conservation measures.

 

 

Soil Type

This category evaluates the area in terms of its potential for agricultural development.  The types of soil in the municipality of Pinamalayan include the San Manuel, Quingua, Luisianaand  Maranlig Series and Rough Mountain Soils.

The soil types generally range from good to fair agricultural potential.  San Manuel and Quingua are considered as the two most suitable soils for lowland and upland rice production. 

Climate

Climate falls under climatic type III which has no very pronounced maximum rain period with a short dry season lasting from one to three months.  Northeast monsoon prevails from August to March.  It is east to northeast in April, southeast in May and June and easterly in October.

Rainfall

The rainfall pattern indicates that heavy downpours of rain occur in June, July, September, October and November while minimal Rainfall occurs in May, December, February, March and April. June and July, however are the wettest months while March to April are the driest. The average rainfall is 175.2 mm.

Water Resources

Several rivers and streams cut across the broad plain of Pinamalayan.  The major river that traverses the municipality is the Pula River.  The Pula River is categorized as Class C by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR).  The beneficial use of Class C is for recreational and industrial uses as well as for the propagation and growth of fish and other aquatic resources.

The other river systems in Pinamalayan are Macanlig, Babahurin, Pinamalayan, Sabang, Buli, and Quinabigan River.  Creeks, on the other hand, include Banilad, Pili, Puting-Tubig, Macanlig, Matood-tood and Papandayan.

The type of rocks lain beneath the municipality is alluvium, known for good water bearing abilities.  As such, the municipality possesses fair to good groundwater resources. Potential areas of high yielding wells can be found in Barangays Zone I to IV, Cacawan, Sta. Rita, etc.

Land Suitability Assessment

Based on Land suitability assessment conducted to determine the location of Protection Areas and those that may be earmarked for urban development (Development Opportunity Areas), Protection Areas include those that are part of the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) per RA 7586.  These areas should be “managed to enhance biological diversity and protected against destructive human exploitations”.  Other areas that should be accorded the same degree of protection include Environmentally Critical Areas (Proclamation 2146), non-NIPAS areas (NPFP), and SAFDZ/NPAAAD (RA 8435).

Lands outside the delineated Protection Areas are then identified as Development Opportunity Areas and are assessed for potential urban development.  The land suitability assessment provides the basic framework in determining the various land use strategies of Pinamalayan.

Several maps are generated to identify and/or determine the Protection Areas in the municipality of Pinamalayan.  These maps provide the physical and environmental features of the municipality, which are then translated into the degree of constraints. Several references were used that include, among others, the Soil/Land Resources Map, Slope/Erosion and Soil Maps of the Province of Oriental Mindoro from the Bureau of Soils and Water Management, to accurately delineate sensitive areas.

The land use strategy encourages the dispersal of growth across the municipality.  This is done through the development of multiple growth nodes centered on the Poblacion, Cacawan-Marfrancisco-Sta. Rita and the Maliangcog-PabmisanMunti areas.  This strategy shall be supported by an extensive infrastructure backbone to make socio-economic growth more efficient. 

·           Major Urban Centers

The major urban centers include the Poblacion and its Fringe Area (portions of Cacawan, Sta. Rita and Marfrancisco) and the PambisanMunti-Malinacog area.

The Poblacion shall remain as the seat of municipal administration, as well as the locus of trade and services.  Government interventions shall focus on improving infrastructure and increasing their capacities to absorb the expected intensification of urban growth.  This would come in the form of improving utilities (water, power and drainage) as well as road infrastructure (pavements and sidewalks).  An urban reforestation program shall be implemented to further upgrade the quality of the Poblacion’s physical environment.  The Fringe Area bordering the Poblacion shall function as a predominantly residential area supported by neighborhood-scale services and facilities.

The PambisanMunti-Maliancog Area shall be a long-term major urban center due to its enhanced accessibility and proximity to the airport.  A detailed Master Plan shall be prepared in order to provide for an efficient growth framework.  Blocks, streets, urban open spaces and utility systems shall be laid out along with a more detailed set of land use controls.

·          Urban Corridor

A controlled Urban Corridor shall be developed along the National Highway and the Provincial Road that traverses the airport.  An “urban limit” with 250 meters on both sides of the ROWs, of the said roads has been established.  This is in order to control urban sprawl and preserve the municipality’s prime agricultural lands.

·       Secondary Urban Center

Barangay Pili shall be the Secondary Urban Center. Urban development shall be closely harmonized with the presence of the Pili Port. Agri-processing, cold storage and other port-dependent facilities shall be encouraged in the area. Facilities should be developed with particular

·       Rural Growth Centers

The rural growth centers include Sabang, Banilad and Ranzo.  These shall be the venue of shared community facilities and services as well as the center of rural trading in relation to their expected influence areas.

·       Transport Framework

The Land Use Plan is closely interrelated to the envisioned Transport Framework.  As growth in encouraged, the major inter-regional transit points (PambisanMunti, Recodo and Pili), the linkages between the center and other centers shall be improved.  This will not only facilitate the interaction between nodes but shall also provide enhanced access to the rural areas.  This will facilitate the marketing and transport of agricultural products, delivery of services, access to tourism sites, hence, complementing the municipality’s vision to improve both the urban and rural economies.

 

Land Management Unit

The map shows the location of fishponds, beach ridges and swales, alluvial plains and valley.  These are considered part of the Protection Areas, as these are either environmentally constrained or critical. 

Drainage Condition

This physical feature identifies the flood prone areas in the municipality.

·      Flood Prone Areas –  This covers floodplain areas subjected to flooding and cover Barangays Cacawan, Lumangbayan and Poblacion.

Dry Land - This category basically covers the areas located in the hilly and mountainous areas of the municipality.

 

 

 

Water Catchment Area

This addresses the accessibility to water and the potential for groundwater.  Three categories were identified which include the shallow and deep well areas, the potential areas for high-yielding wells and difficult areas.  

            Difficult Areas – This category refers to areas where it is difficult to exploit groundwater; mostly located on the northern portion of the Municipality.

Shallow and Deep Well Areas - This category has very minimal constraints to development because recharge areas are localized due to low aquifer permeability. 

Potential Areas of High-Yielding Wells - the barangays of Cacawan, Poblacion, and Sta. Rita comprise this category.

River/Coastal Zone Preservation

Features attributed to this map refer to the fishing grounds and coastal zone protection and preservation.  The river system in the municipality of Pinamalayan flows to the Pula River and drains to Tablas Strait.  The categories are described as follows: 

            Fishing Grounds – this category refers to the coastal area along Tablas Strait.

Rivers and streams - easement of about 3, 20, and 40 meters from both sides throughout the entire length of any river is considered to be part of the Non-NIPAS areas.  Areas within this range are subject to easement for public use in the interest of recreation, fishing, floatage, etc.

Strategic Agriculture and Fisheries Development Zones

This delineates the declared SAFDZ areas per SB Resolution 69-99.  In accordance with the provisions of the AFMA, these areas are considered part of the Protection Areas. Identified SAFDZ areas cover approximately 7,585.87 has.  These are located in Barangays Maliancog, Pambisan-Munti, Bangbang, Sto. Niño, Bacungan, Anoling, Buli, Sta. Isabel, Cacawan, Sta. Rita, Maningcol and Marfrancisco.

           SAFDZ Areas, 2000

SAFDZ Classification

Area (Has.)

Percent to Total Land Area(%)

Strategic Crop Development Zone

7,012.56

25.23

Strategic Livestock Development Zone

346.21

1.25

Strategic Fishery Development Zone

177.84

0.64

Strategic Crop/Livestock Development Zone

49.26

0.18

Total

7,585.87

27.29

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Source: BSWM

Land Classification      

The Land Classification Map shows the Forestlands and the Alienable and Disposable (A and D) areas of Pinamalayan as delineated by DENR. The municipality has three Timberland areas. The two largest are found at its western periphery and a portion of Barangay Sabang is located within them. The other Timberland area, which the municipality shares with Pola, is located at its northeastern boundary. This is located within Barangays Guinhawa and Banilad.  The rest of the municipality is alienable and disposable. 

No areas of the National Integrated Protected Areas System (NIPAS) are designated as Alienable and Disposable. Located within A and D Lands, however, are a number of other Environmentally Critical Areas (Proclamation 2146). These comprise sections of the municipality that have slopes greater than 50 percent,

Flood prone areas and those covered by the Strategic Agriculture and Fisheries Development Zone.

 

Land Classification

Classification

Area

Percent to Total Land Area

Forest Land

       11,493.60

              41.34

Alienable and Disposable

   16,306.40

              58.66

Total

   27,800.00

            100.00

 Source: PENRO

Preservation and Conservation Areas

 

Preservation and Conservation Areas are hereby delineated in order to identify broad areas suitable for urban versus non-urban usage.  It sets up a framework on where to locate future urban development considering sensitive environmental and physical factors. 

 

Protection and Conservation Areas cover about 19,488.81 has. (89.68%)while Development Opportunity Areas extend to about 2,243.21 has. (10.32%).

 

Zone Classifications

 

Pinamalayan is composed of 37 barangays, 9 of these are coastal barangays. It has a total coastal length of around 24 kilometers characterized by around 7 kilometer rocky shoreline from Barangay Pili to Barangay. Ranzo.  Agricultural land is around 19,440.95 hectares or 69.93% of the total land area of the municipality.  Built up and Industrial areas are 394.35 hectares or 1.44% and 6.0 hectares or .02%, respectively.  Forest land is 6,083.50 hectares or 21.88%, Open Grasslands is 1,492.20 hectares or 5.37% and Watersheds is 383 hectares or 1.38% of Pinamalayan’s land area.

 

 

 

 

Built-up Zone

a. Urban Core District

1.    Brgy. Wawa

2.    Zone I

3.    Zone II

4.    Zone III

5.    Zone IV

 

b. Urban Core Fringe District

1.    Brgy. Marfrancisco

2.    Portions of:

·         Brgy. Cacawan

·         Brgy. Sta. Rita

 

 

c. Urban Corridor Fringe District Portions of:

1.    Brgy. Bangbang

2.    Brgy. Cacawan

3.    Brgy. Del Razon

4.    Brgy. Malaya

5.    Brgy. Maliancog

6.    Brgy. Nabuslot

7.    Brgy. Pagalagala

8.    Brgy. Palayan

9.    Brgy. PambisanMalaki

10. Brgy. PambisanMunti

11. Brgy. Panggulayan

12. Brgy. Papandayan

13. Brgy. Quinabigan

14. Brgy. Sta. Isabel

15. Brgy. Sta. Maria

16. Brgy. Sta. Rita

17. Brgy. Sto. Niño

 

d. Urban Expansion District Portions of:

1.   Brgy. PambisanMunti

2.   Brgy. Maliancog

 

Agricultural Zone

a. Strategic Agricultural and Fisheries Development Zone

1. Crops Development District (CDD)

1.    Brgy. Sabang

2.    Brgy. Marayos

3.    Brgy. Inclanay

4.    Brgy. Maliancog

5.    Brgy. PambisanMalaki

6.    Brgy. Sta. Maria

7.    Brgy. Calingag

8.    Brgy. Malaya

9.    Brgy. Del Razon

10. Brgy. Quinabigan

11. Brgy. Rosario

12. Brgy. Papandayan

13. Brgy. Maningcol

14. Brgy. Sta. Rita

15. Brgy. Marfrancisco

16. Brgy. Nabuslot

17. Brgy. Pagalagala

18. Brgy. Sto. Niño

19. Brgy. Palayan

20. Brgy. Panggulayan

21. Brgy. Bacungan

22. Brgy. Anoling

23. Brgy. Buli

24. Brgy. Cacawan

25. Brgy. Lumambayan

26. Brgy. Guinhawa

27. Brgy. Pili

28. Brgy. Banilad

29. Brgy. Ranzo

 

                        2. Livestock Development District (LDD)

1.    Brgy. Sabang

2.    Brgy. Marayos

3.    Brgy. Panggulayan

4.    Brgy. Cacawan

5.    Brgy. Sta. Isabel

6.    Brgy. Buli

 

 3. Fishery Development District (FDD)

1.    Brgy. Quinabigan

2.    Brgy. Papandayan

3.    Brgy. Lumambayan

4.    Brgy. Sta. Isabel

5.    Brgy. Guinhawa

6.    Brgy. Pili

 

4. Crop/ Livestock DevelopmentDistrict (CLDD)

1.    Brgy. Pili

 

b. General Agricultural District  (GAD)

1.    Brgy. Sabang

 

Forest Land

Forest reservations in:

1.    Brgy. Sabang

2.    Brgy. Guinhawa

3.    Brgy. Banilad

4.    Brgy. Ranzo

 

 

Conservation Zone

 

West:

      Portions of:

1.    Brgy. Sabang

2.    Brgy. Marayos

3.    Brgy. Inclanay

4.    Brgy. Maliancog

5.    Brgy. PambisanMunti

 

 

Northeast:

      Portions of:

1.    Brgy. Anoling

2.    Brgy. Buli

3.    Brgy. Sta. Isabel

4.    Brgy. Guinhawa

5.    Brgy. Pili

6.    Brgy. Banilad

7.    Brgy. Ranzo

 

South-central:

      Portions of:

1.    Brgy. Malaya

2.    Brgy. Rosario

3.    Brgy. Calingag

 

Protection Zone

West:

1.    Brgy. Sabang

Northeast:

1.    Brgy. Banilad

2.    Brgy. Buli

3.    Brgy. Guinhawa

4.    Brgy. Pili

5.    Brgy. Sta. Isabel

 

Pili Tourism Zone

1.    Brgy. Pili

 

 

 

Pili-GuinhawaAgri-Industrial Zone

1.    Brgy. Pili

2.    Brgy. Guinhawa

 

Airport Zone

1.    Brgy. PambisanMunti

2.    Brgy. Maliancog

 

 

Development Opportunity Zone

Portions of:

1.    Brgy. Guinhawa

2.    Brgy. Inclanay

3.    Brgy. Lumambayan

4.    Brgy. Malaya

5.    Brgy. Maliancog

6.    Brgy. Marayos

7.    Brgy. PambisanMalaki

8.    Brgy. PambisanMunti

9.    Brgy. Sabang

10. Brgy. Sta. Isabel

 

Table 5. Number of Real Property Units, Year 2014

BARANGAY

PARCEL

BUILDING/IMPROVEMENTS

TOTAL RPUS

Land

Residential

Commercial

Machineries

Others

Anoling

752

59

2

2

14

829

Bacungan

321

21

0

0

4

346

Bangbang

246

30

3

1

2

282

Banilad

412

21

0

0

9

442

Buli

417

13

1

1

4

436

Cacawan

1,144

118

13

3

2

1,280

Calingag

458

33

4

3

8

506

Del Razon

463

80

2

0

2

547

Guinhawa

392

10

4

3

11

420

Inclanay

329

13

1

1

6

349

Lumambayan

200

52

1

0

14

267

Malaya

249

5

1

0

3

258

Maliangcog

479

14

1

1

2

497

Maningcol

517

28

3

4

4

556

Marayos

312

12

1

1

2

328

Marfrancisco

1,905

360

135

17

20

2,437

Nabuslot

618

101

17

8

18

762

Pagalagala

424

33

4

2

6

469

Palayan

500

28

9

2

5

544

PambisanMalaki

510

49

6

3

3

571

PambisanMunti

482

18

1

1

11

513

Panggulayan

613

72

10

5

7

707

Papandayan

1,181

96

30

4

0

1,311

Pili

624

32

3

0

7

666

Quinabigan

694

70

3

2

7

776

Ranzo

342

17

2

0

9

370

Rosario

362

11

10

0

6

389

Sabang

676

18

0

0

12

706

Sta. Isabel

829

16

4

3

10

862

Sta. Maria

277

53

2

2

2

336

Sta. Rita

1,081

99

37

8

13

1,238

Sto. Niño

235

30

3

2

1

271

Wawa

449

68

19

0

11

547

Zone I

299

95

10

7

7

418

Zone II

585

201

68

9

26

889

Zone III

436

149

21

9

7

622

Zone IV

173

64

21

5

23

286

TOTAL

19,709

2,016

415

97

298

22,535

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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